Vietnam Quick Facts and Figures
Official Name: Socialist Republic of Vietnam
Area: 331,689 sq km (128,066 sq miles)
Population: 87.84 million (2011) World Bank
Population density: 268 per sq km.
85% ethnic Vietnamese, 3% ethnic Chinese, also Khmer, Cham (a remnant of the once great Indianised Champa Kingdom) and members of some 55 ethno-linguistic groups.
Buddhism is the principal religion but there are also sizeable Taoist, Confucian, Hoa Hao, Cao Dai, Muslim and Christian minorities.
total population: 72.41 years
male: 69.95 years
female: 75.16 years (2012 est.)
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 94%
Form of Government:
Socialist republic since 1980. Gained independence from France in 1954.
Head of State:
President Nguyen Minh Triet since 2006.
Head of Government:
Prime Minister Nguyen Tan Dung since 2006.
National Day: 2 September 1945
The National Flag of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam has the shape of a rectangular with its width being equal to two-thirds of its length, red background and a five-pointed yellow star in the middle. The red fl ag with yellow star appeared for the fi rst time in the Nam Ky Uprising (23 November 1940). This fl ag was recognized as the National Flag of Viet Nam by the Decree signed by President Ho Chi Minh on 5 September 1945 and was adopted as the National Flag of Viet Nam by the First National Assembly (at its first session) on 2 March 1946.
The National Emblem of the Socialist Republic of Viet Nam was approved by the First National Assembly (at its fifth session in September 1955). The National Emblem is circular in shape with red background. The five-pointed yellow star in the middle symbolizes the
revolutionary history of the nation. The surrounding rice ears symbolize agriculture. Half a cogwheel symbolizes industry and below is the inscription “Socialist Republic of Viet Nam”.
Currency: Dong (VND)
Labor force by occupation: agriculture 51.8%, industry 15.4%, services 32.7% (April 2009)
Agriculture: paddy rice, coffee, rubber, cotton, tea, pepper, soybeans, cashews, sugar cane, peanuts, bananas; poultry; fish, seafood
Industries: food processing, garments, shoes, machine-building; mining, coal, steel; cement, chemical fertilizer, glass, tires, oil, paper
1010 The Ly dynasty and the Chinese are repelled
1226 Tran dynasty
1288 The Mongols are defeated
1887 Creation of the Indochina Union
1932 Bao Dai, the last emperor, begins his reign
1940 Invasion of Indochina by Japan
1941 Ho Chi Minh takes power
1945 Ho Chi Minh declares independence in Hanoi
1959 The communist party starts military operations in the South and construction of the Ho Chi Minh trail begins
1961 Kennedy increases US military aid to South Vietnam
1973 US military withdraw
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